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“Nursing research involves much planning and attention to details, yet novice and seasoned nurse researchers often overlook the day-to-day operations required to conduct research studies. Project management is a set of iterative steps that can facilitate the process of conducting nursing research” (Rew et al., 2020).
As you begin working on your small nursing informatics project, consider how this project will plant the seed for your future work (in and out of an educational setting). How might what you do in this course lend itself to what you will need to do in nursing practice on a day-to-day basis? Why might it be important to consider this now versus later in your education or practice?
Throughout this course, you are tasked with implementing, or proposing an implementation, of a small nursing informatics project. This project is steeped in project management concepts to drive your work.
For this Discussion, you will  explore why this approach might not only will assist you in this course, but how it might assist you in nursing practice beyond your studies.
Rew, L., Cauvin, S., Cengiz, A., Pretorius, K., & Johnson, K. (2020). Application of project management tools and techniques to support nursing intervention research. Nursing Outlook, 68(4), 396–405. doi:10.1016/j.outlook.2020.01.007



Be sure to review the Learning Resources before completing this activity.
Click the weekly resources link to access the resources.


Review the Learning Resources for this week and reflect on the roles of advanced nursing practice as it relates to project management.
Select one of the roles described in Chapter 8 of the Sipes text to focus on for this Discussion.
Review the article by Rew et al. (2020) and reflect on the steps and processes used by the team described in the article.
How might you use a similar approach for the completion of your DNP doctoral project or dissertation? What project management strategies might be most appropriate for your nursing research?


Post a brief description of 4–5 major competencies required for the advanced nursing practice role that you selected.

Explain how the project management concepts you have examined thus far in the course might align with this advanced nursing practice role and why. Be specific.
Based on the steps and processes used by Rew et al. (2020) and the resources on techniques and tools for nursing research, how might you use these same concepts and a similar approach for completing your DNP doctoral project or dissertation?
Explain which processes and techniques you believe will provide the most guidance to assist you plan and develop your DNP doctoral project or dissertation. Be specific and provide examples. Then, describe how the project management strategies you will learn as a nurse leader may be applied to facilitate nursing research or nursing practice for your DNP doctoral project or dissertation.


Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses and respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days who selected a different advanced nursing practice role than you. Expand upon your colleague’s posting or offer an alternative perspective on the alignment between the project management concepts and the advanced nursing practice role described by your colleague.

Professional Role DevelopmentSteps and Processes Processes and TechniquesReferencesHowarth, M. L., Probyn, J. E., & Maz, J. (2017). Project management techniques to maximise success with research. British Journal of Cardiac Nursing, 12(3), 116–119. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjca.2017.12.3.116Links to an external site.Sipes, C. (2020). Project management for the advanced practice nurse (2nd ed.). Springer Publishing.
Rew, L., Cauvin, S., Cengiz, A., Pretorius, K., & Johnson, K. (2020). Application of project management tools and techniques to support nursing intervention research. Nursing Outlook, 68(4), 396–405. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2020.01.007
Busari, J. O., Moll, F. M., & Duits, A. J. (2017). Understanding the impact of interprofessional collaboration on the quality of care: A case report from a small-scale resource limited health care environment. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, 10, 227-234. https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S140042Links to an external site.
The above-mentioned process and technique will provide the most guidance in planning and developing a DNP doctoral project. Furthermore, the following steps would be included: Creating a project scope, breaking it down into task/work packages, and creating a schedule/timeline Without a plan to provide structure and direction, the project can become disorganized, jeopardizing project constraints such as budgets, schedules/deadlines, resources, and other factors (Sipes, 2020). Understanding the project scope, setting clear expectations, using a work breakdown structure, and documenting the process are project management strategies that I will learn as a nurse leader and apply to facilitate nursing research in my DNP doctoral project. To complete a successful research project, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention encourages, researchers to use project management principles (Rew et al, 2020). Project management principles are learned through practice and repetition (Sipes, 2020). Finding the gap and creating a measurable, obtainable, and realistic project management includes researching the current guidelines, evidence, and research to support the proposed project and deliver it to all key stakeholders (Sipes, 2020). Having a clear purpose, following an algorithm, and a well-designed study, enable us to provide Specific, Achievable, Measurable, Realistic, and Timed (SMART) outcomes (Howarth, Probyn, & Maz, 2017).
The project management concepts may vary in different phases.  These competencies include assessing or identifying the problem, designing, or initiating projects, data collection, analyzing, delivering these findings to the key stakeholders, implementing or executing the plan, monitoring or controlling the project, and closing or completing the task (Sipes, 2020). The nursing research process included the following phases: phase 1: conceptual, phase 2: design and planning, phase 3: empirical, phase 4: analytic, and phase 5: dissemination (Rew, Cauvin, Cengiz, Pretorius, & Johnson, 2020). The conceptual phase is when the principal investigator and research team identify the problem, review relevant literature, choose a conceptual or theoretical framework, and propose a research design to answer research questions or test research hypotheses” (Rew et al, 2020). During the design and planning phase, the research design, appropriate measures for theoretical variables, and the appropriate population were chosen, the intervention protocol was planned, a sampling plan, a plan for human subject protection, and a budget were developed (Rew et al, 2020). The empirical phase of nursing research is where data from study participants is collected and prepared for analysis (Rew et al, 2020). The data is analyzed, and the findings are interpreted during the analytic phase (Rew et al, 2020). The dissemination phase is where the study findings are shared with other researchers, clinicians, data collection facilities, and the funding agency (Rew et al, 2020).
Clinical knowledge and skills, financial management skills, leadership skills, interpersonal skills, and communication skills are all required for advanced practice nursing roles. Some of these skills, such as interpersonal, communication, and leadership aptitudes, promote collaboration, which is essential in the clinical setting (Busari et al., 2017). Furthermore, advanced practice roles necessitate that nurses be proficient in the use of technology.
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Collapse SubdiscussionBrittney PemberBrittney Pember ReplyReply to Comment
Dec 7, 2022Dec 7, 2022 at 8:28am
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Response Two Nursing’s disciplinary perspective: What makes the discipline unique?To Be a Nurse. Kennedy MS. Am J Nurs. 2018 Nov;118(11):7. doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000547640.70037.f6. PMID: 30358573
Lindell DF. Appl Nurs Res. 2019 Feb;45:73-74. doi: 10.1016/j.apnr.2018.12.007. Epub 2018 Dec 19
            The role you chose is very interesting I love learning about new roles. This is a role I feel that would be extremely focused on how to establish roles and change roles so that it is most effective. Knowing what data needs to be collected as well as what technology needs to be used it. Dealing with project management in different phases would be difficult and always changing this is where a future plan would come in as well as being organized with your information. Project management is a set of iterative steps that can facilitate the process of conducting nursing research. ( Kennedy MS, 2018) Nursing research involves much planning and attention to details, yet novice and seasoned nurse researchers often overlook the day-to-day operations required to conduct research studies. (Lindell DF, 2018)
Collapse SubdiscussionLovester DuncanLovester Duncan ReplyReply to Comment
Dec 8, 2022Dec 8, 2022 at 10:45pm
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I enjoyed reading your post, Vicky Awken Ngang.  It is true that advanced practice nurses (APRNs) must possess certain characteristics and/or competencies given their level of education.  As a terminal degree, the doctoral-prepared nurse must have competence in managing healthcare finance using cost-effective approaches to minimize healthcare expenditures.  As an example, APRNs at the doctoral level should order medications that are cost-effective and order inexpensive tests and procedures. Considering the level of education and knowledge they possess; they must possess the ability to lead.   The importance of interpersonal skills in health care settings and at the doctoral level cannot be overstated.  To collaborate effectively with interdisciplinary teams, APRNs need interpersonal skills. Having the ability to relate to colleagues, patients, and relatives in a humane and person-centered manner is considered an interpersonal skill (Reyes & Alvarez 2022). To provide effective, safe, and timely care, APRNs must be proficient in technology.  It is imperative to be computer literate, especially now that telemedicine and telehealth are at the forefront of healthcare.  It is essential to possess technology proficiency since it increases access to care, utilization, and treatment.   As a nurse, I agree that the first step in project management is to identify the healthcare problem that is affecting the patient’s health.  Identifying the problem is followed by planning, designing, and collecting the data.  First, identifying what is happening, planning, designing, collecting data to test the hypothesis, building a team, monitoring the project, and setting timelines are all important steps that project management entails, which are aligned with the nursing process as well as help us develop and complete our doctoral dissertation. Also involved with the completion of dissertations are meeting deadlines, teamwork, risk control, and project assessment to identify potential risks and prevent them from becoming a problem and setting a deadline. (Dilly, Klochan, & Bosslet 2021). ReferencesDilly, C. K., Klochan, K. A., & Bosslet, G. (2021). Project management tools for healthcare education. Clinical Teacher, 18(2), 109–114. https://doi.org/10.1111/tct.13264

Reyes, J. R., & Álvarez, L. N. R. (2022). Concept Analysis of Interpersonal Skills in Nursing. Aquichan, 22(1), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.5294/aqui.2022.22.1.3

Collapse SubdiscussionChristian OfforChristian Offor ReplyReply to Comment
Dec 9, 2022Dec 9, 2022 at 2:19pm
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Vicki, thanks for your post. Just to add to your discussion, advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) who obtain project management knowledge and skills are more likely to be successful in nursing practices and policies (Peterson et al. 2015). Project management is a broad and encompassed process in which a research study is carried out systematically to accomplish a final task. Applying project management skills are critical in healthcare for quality patient outcomes. There is no doubt that nursing informatics is fast evolving; hence adequate knowledge of informatics supports nurses, consumers, patients, the interprofessional healthcare team, and other stakeholders in their decision-making in all roles and settings to achieve the desired outcome (Sipes, 2016). Nurse leaders must understand the basic framework which guides project management steps toward achieving an informatics study, and these steps include-Design/Initiation, Plan, Implementation, Monitor/Control, and Evaluation/Lessons Learned. The goal of nurse leaders skilled in informatics is to improve the health of populations, communities, families, and individuals by optimizing information management and communications (Williams, 2019). Consequently, nurse managers must ensure a culture of safety by addressing informatics issues related to data entry, proper utilization of skills in technology for health care purposes Petersen, P. A., Keller, T., Way, S. M., & Borges, W. J. (2015). Autonomy and empowerment in advanced practice registered nurses: lessons from New Mexico. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, 27(7), 363–370. https://doi.org/10.1002/2327-6924.12202Williams, A. (2019). Nursing Informaticians Address Patient Safety to Improve Usability of Health Information Technologies. Studies in Health Technology & Informatics, 257, 501–507. https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-951-5-501
Sipes, C. (2016). Project Management: Essential Skill of Nurse Informaticists. Studies in Health Technology & Informatics, 225, 252–256. https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-658-3-252Links to an external site.
Collapse SubdiscussionLizzie UmejeiLizzie Umejei ReplyReply to Comment
Dec 9, 2022Dec 9, 2022 at 6:30pm
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Response 1 Week two discussion 1Response 1 Week two discussion 1Great post. I agree that advanced practice nurses require proficiency in using technology, clinical knowledge, financial management, leadership, interpersonal and communication skills Sipes (2020. However, professional role development competencies and their significance depend on the job description of each advanced practice nurse in their practice setting (Lamb et al., 2018). APRNS in primary care will need clinical knowledge to assess, prescribe, diagnose, and care for their patients. APRNS in research, academics, education, and leadership who do not directly take care of patients will require competencies as outlined by (Rew et al., 2020). The competencies include informatics, project management, nursing research, collaboration, and education.American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2021, April 6). The essentials: Core competencies for professional nursing education2020. American Association of Colleges of Nursing: The Voice of Academic Nursing. Retrieved December 8, 2022, from https://www.aacnnursing.org/EssentialsLinks to an external site.Rew, L., Cauvin, S., Cengiz, A., Pretorius, K., & Johnson, K. (2020). Application of project management tools and techniques to support nursing intervention research. Nursing Outlook, 68(4), 396–405. doi:10.1016/j.outlook.2020.01.007
 Sipes, C. (2020). Project management for the advanced practice nurse (2nd ed.). Springe Publishing
   Lamb, A., Martin-Misener, R., Bryant-Lukosius, D., & Latimer, M. (2018). Describing the leadership capabilities of advanced practice nurses using a qualitative descriptive study. Nursing Open, 5(3), 400–413. https://doi.org/10.1002/nop2.150Links to an external site.
Hi Vicky,

Collapse SubdiscussionBrittney PemberBrittney Pember ReplyReply to Comment
Dec 5, 2022Dec 5, 2022 at 11:14am
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Initial Post            By using the steps and processes used by Dr Rew et al I will be able to effectively apply these tools and processes. Not only will I be able to lead an organization I will be able to effectively communicate and conllect data to ensure what I have implanted is working effectively. Healthcare systems are rapidly evolving. Complex healthcare landscapes increasingly demand influential nurse leader’s adept at managing changes in unstable environments. (American Association of. Colleges of Nursing, 2014)Edwardson SR. Doctor of philosophy and doctor of nursing practice as complementary degrees. J Prof Nurs. 2010;26(3):137–40. doi: 10.1016/j.profnurs.2009.08.004American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) position statement on the practice doctorate in nursing. Washington, DC: American Association of Colleges of Nursi
American Association of. Colleges of Nursing (AACN).DNP fact sheet 2014b
            The processes I feel are most important are learning how to effectively analyzing data and organize data in a way it can be easily utilized. Collecting the data is not difficult ensuring you are correctly applying and utilizing the data is the difficult part. By doing this while putting together my DNP project it will help be understand my process and apply my theories to practice. As a nurse leader I will be able to create change in a way that will be effective and be able to sustain which is my main goal. DNP is a powerful strategy to prepare nurses for the most advanced clinical nursing practice level, i.e. “providing leadership for evidence-based practice”. (Edwardson SR, 2010)
            The nursing practice role I have selected is clinical and professional leadership. The competencies required in this area are as follows: leadership, organization, analyzing data, and collaboration. The roles and ideas I have learned thus far will align but providing me the skills and organization to apply this to practice. It is one thing to learn these concepts but to apply them in practice can be difficult. I feel this course and these concepts will help me in the long run to apply in my daily practice. Complex healthcare systems increasingly demand influential nurse leader’s adept at managing changes in unstable environments. (American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 2004)

Collapse SubdiscussionVicky Awken NgangVicky Awken Ngang ReplyReply to Comment
Dec 6, 2022Dec 6, 2022 at 2:50pm
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Thank you so much for your detailed post this week BrittneyReferencesSipes, C. (2020). Project management for the advanced practice nurse (2nd ed.). Springer Publishing.
Thomas, A., Crabtree, G.-C., Kathleen, A.-B., Delaney, R., Mary, A., Dumas, Kleinpell, R., Logsdon, F., Marfell, J., Dnp, Fnp-Bc, D., & Nativio. (2011). Nurse practitioner core competencies Amended 2012* Task Force Members. https://www.pncb.org/sites/default/files/2017-02/NONPF_Core_Competencies.pdfLinks to an external site.
I totally agree with you that some of the major competencies required for Nurse Practitioners (NP) include clinical and professional leadership competencies and many more such as knowledge abilities, communication, interpersonal skills, data analysis, and utilization to improve healthcare delivery and leadership skills. Nurse Practitioners apply quality care by utilizing evidence-based practice to improve the quality of clinical practice and the ability to use technology to organize effectively, be detail-oriented, and function as an independent practitioner are all core competencies expected of a nurse practitioner (Thomas et al., 2011). In addition, the concepts, that guide the project management competencies are essential to Doctoral prepared nurses.  Using the SMART objective to plan projects as specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and timely and equally important tools in the process (Sipes, 2020).
Collapse SubdiscussionEdith ?N?W?A?K?A?E?G?O AmaEdith ?N?W?A?K?A?E?G?O Ama ReplyReply to Comment
Dec 8, 2022Dec 8, 2022 at 11:05pm
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Very informative post Britanny!                                                                                 ReferencesAmerican Association of. Colleges of Nursing (AACN). DNP fact sheet 2014b
Edwardson SR. Doctor of philosophy and Doctor of Nursing practice as complementary degrees.
J Prof Nurs. 2010;26(3 ):137–40. doi: 10.1016/j.profnurs.2009.08.004
American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) position statement on the practice of
doctorate in nursing. Washington, DC: American Association of Colleges of Nursing.
As a professional and clinical leader, there are many responsibilities one has to accomplish. For one to be a great leader in the clinical and professional area the following are attributes one requires collaboration, analyzing data, organization, and leadership. The concepts learned in DNP are critical for one to become a clinical and professional leader (Edward). The concepts include project management, critical thinking, time management, and among others.
Leadership is inborn but it can be natured and manifested in many ways. One can be a leader clinically or professionally using concepts learned in the DNP course. The steps and processes will assist one to communicate effectively and collect data to lead the company effectively. The medical world is dynamic, and systems are changing gradually (AACN).
Landscapes in healthcare are becoming more complex and it calls for nurses or supporting professionals to improve their hard work. Leadership nursing requires resi

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