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University of Phoenix Everyday Addictions by Dr Jud Brewer Discussion

University of Phoenix Everyday Addictions by Dr Jud Brewer Discussion

Question Description

Watching the video (from 19:00 minute-mark until the end) on YouTube entitled “Everyday Addictions” by Dr. Jud Brewer and answer the following questions.

Note: It may be a good idea to watch the whole video from the beginning to refresh your memory and establish the context for the remaining portion covered in this assignment, but the questions below only pertain to the last half of the video.

Link to the video available here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_c–3RtIkJo

Be sure that your responses are adequately thorough and detailed. Some of the answers may just be fill-in the blank while others clearly require more detail and full sentences. It might be helpful to take notes while watching the video in order to appropriately answer the questions below. Keep in mind that the questions are asked in order of the video’s progression, making it easier to identify the answer.

Most of the answers to the questions below come directly from the video. There are a few questions which are considered “Personal Reflection” questions and are thus indicated as such in parentheses to avoid any confusion.


1.In the context of understanding the first caveat to willpower as an “anti-addiction strategy”, how might willpower perhaps help in the short-term but not be as effective in the long-term? And what does this sort of “forced” effort (and “gritting our teeth”) do to our energy levels?

2.Have you ever failed to maintain your commitment to a behavioral change? How does Dr. Brewer’s explanation of this caveat to willpower as an anti-addiction strategy help you understand this failure? (Personal Reflection)

3.In what part of the brain does the “willpower magic” happen? And is this part of our newer or older brain?

4.In regards to the second caveat to willpower as an “anti-addiction strategy,” what happens between our older and newer brain when we are stressed?

5.Dr. Brewer continues, “so exactly when we need our new brain’s willpower…” (Fill in the “…”)

6.Indicate a time when your new brain (prefrontal cortex/rational thought/willpower) went offline during a stressful event, making it difficult to overcome or change a habit or addiction. (Personal Reflection)

7.According to Dr. Brewer, is willpower failure a matter of 1) brain-wiring and evolution or 2) a failure on our part?

8.How might this explanation help us feel less guilty or ashamed when we experience setbacks with changing habits or overcoming addictions? (Personal Reflection)

9.What is the substitution method and how does it work as an anti-addiction strategy?

10.According to Dr. Brewer, what are the problems with the substitution method?

11.Describe the process of “priming your environment” and how it works as an anti-addiction strategy.

12.What is the only anti-addiction strategy that targets both the “new and old brain”?

13.What is Jon Kabat-Zinn’s definition of mindfulness?

14.What are the “two aspects of experience” that this definition points to?

15.According to Dr. Brewer, in the context of understanding how mindfulness can help us when dealing with our old brain’s reactions and habits, “if we aren’t aware that we’re doing something habitually…” (Fill in the “…”)

16.Jon describes this (set of habitually occurring reactions and behaviors) as ________.” (Hint: Begins with the letter “a”)

17.How does “building awareness through mindfulness” help us to break habit loops in our old brain?

18.What role does the quality of curiosity play in understanding our habits once we’re aware of what’s going in our old brain with the autopilot?

19.Describe how curiosity is a “powerful reward in itself”?

20.Describe the last time you remember being truly and authentically curious about something? What did it feel like? Was it rewarding in and of itself as Dr. Brewer describes? (Personal Reflection)

21.According to Dr. Brewer, “curiosity is key to being …” (Fill in the “…”)

22.According to Carol Dweck’s work on fixed vs. growth mindsets, “when we are stuck in our old habits, including judging ourselves, we’re not open to _____.” (Fill in the blank)

23.What are the two reasons Dr. Brewer mentions to explain why mindfulness seems so popular now?

24.According to Dr. Brewer, is the only purpose of mindfulness to “relax and destress” or are there other benefits as well?

25.Dr. Brewer shares a few studies regarding the effectiveness of mindfulness in smoking cessation, overeating, and anxiety. Please shared the outcomes of each of those studies.

26.Summarize the 7 key points (i.e., the “bottom line”) at the end of the video that recap the material covered in the video.

27.Reflect on how these teachings regarding the workings of the mind might help you in understanding your habits better and increase your confidence in changing unhelpful behaviors? (Personal Reflection)

28.How can you specifically apply mindfulness—and its qualities of present-moment awareness and curiosity—to a behavioral/habit change that you would like to make? (Personal Reflection)

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