You will reply to the threads of at least 2 classmates (200–250 words each).
In your replies, extend the discussion by analyzing and building upon your classmates’ ideas. Replies must demonstrate course-related knowledge and assertions be supported by references in current APA format. Use first person and single-spaced formatting and indent new paragraphs. Your Replies must be well written, well organized, and focused.
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Discussion Board 3
Perception is an important concept that is a large part of communication. Perception can be defined as “a social and cognitive process in which people assign meaning to sensory cues” (Stewart, et al., 2005, p. 163). There are three basic subprocesses of perception, which are selection, organizing, and inferring. Selection refers to the decision to pay attention to certain cues. These cues used in the process of selection are not always responses to things that we see and hear, but also to past experiences and judgements that we have of others (Stewart, et al., 2005, p. 165). Organizing involves arranging and rearranging the cues that you have selected and making predictions and assumptions of patterns of behavior based on the cues processed through selection (Stewart, et al., 2005, p. 166). The third and final subprocess of perception is inferring, which involves making judgements based on your selected clues and the organizations that you apply to them (Stewart, et al., 2005, p. 166).
After these three subprocesses have been accomplished, we can begin to form meaning from our experiences and perceptions. When perception is used in a positive way, it contributes to impression formations that are fluid and that utilize more categories of perceptions. This allows us to make communication more person centered, whereas if we have a more fixed state of mind when it comes to perceptions we become more position centered (Stewart, et al., 2005, p. 171). Another way that we can apply meaning to our perceptions is through attribution. Positive attributions focus on possible external factors leading to a person’s behavior, while negative attributions attribute the behavior a person shows to character traits of the person, which are also known as internal factors (Stewart, et al., 2005, p. 172). Another aspect that perceptions can contribute to both positively and negatively is stereotypes. A stereotype is a preconceived notion that we have for someone, and these stereotypes can be either positive or negative as well as varying in intensity (Stewart, et al., 2006, p. 173).
As we can see, perception plays a big role in how we communicate with those around us. Positive perceptions allow us to be more open-minded towards the individual that we are communicating with, while negative perceptions close off avenues of communication that could be available. It is important to recognize and regulate our perceptions of other people in order to have positive communication experiences with them.
Stewart, J., Zediker, K., & Witteborn, S. (2005). Inhaling: Perception. In J. Stewart, Bridges not walls: A book about interpersonal communication (11th ed., pp. 162-178). McGraw-Hill.
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Forum 3 (Module 3) Mindful Listening
Mindfulness is a technique that I have been practicing daily for a while. Living in the moment and taking in everything from that moment while using my five senses to do so is part of mindfulness. I started doing this with my morning cup of coffee, hearing it brew, feeling the warm cup in my hands, and smelling the sweetness of my favorite creamer, tasting the freshness of the new batch of coffee, and seeing it in my favorite cup. I started to incorporate this into other things within my daily life. I find this positive for my soul and well-being. As far as mindful listening, this is more of a challenge for me as well as a newer concept. Mindful listening involves more than self with less peace and quiet. Even though this concept is existing within me (Stewart, 2012. p. 187), I need to let it come out more. When I think of mindfulness, I think of solitude. Mindful listening has nothing to do with solitude. It has to do with focusing on that moment of conversation with someone and getting the full affects of what is being shared.
Mindful listening is important for the listener to be informed on all magnitudes (Stewart, 2012. p. 190), of the interaction. This action helps create a more informative and open-ended conversation. This is necessary during conversations to become more than just dialogue. As our textbook describes inhaling and exhaling as “organic” (Stewart, 2012. p. 158), our conversations with one another should become alive. Mindful listening can help us better create an aura during our time of connection with others that is worth remembering. When I think of conversations with others, I cannot think of many interactions that have had a wow factor on me personally, but I can relate to moments of connection. I feel the better one gets with mindful listening; the more wow moments will be experienced.
The fact that most humans seek to bond on a unique level with others, (Petersen, 2015. p. 13.) relationship is important. Therefore, proper communication with one another is essential. Mindful listening is just one of the aspects that can be practiced during conversations with each other.
Stewart, J. (2012). Bridges not walls: A book about interpersonal communication (11th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education. ISBN: 9780073534312.
Petersen, J. C. (2015). Why don’t we listen better? Communicating and connecting in relationships (2nd ed.). Portland, OR: Petersen Publications. ISBN: 9780979155956.