Historical Document Analysis & Supplemental Bibliography
- Thematic Title – The title should refer to the historical person or theme and not be simply titled “Document Analysis.” Examples: Spanish Perceptions of Native Culture in the 1500s or Christopher Columbus and the Encounter with the New World.
- Introduction to Topic (1-2 paragraphs) – The introductory paragraph provides the basic historical context about the person and the event or events of historical importance that person participated in. It also introduces the document to the reader, including author, nature of the document, and year of creation. Finally, the introduction should close with a thesis statement that makes an argument about the content of the document in relation to the broader historical context (i.e., a historical analysis of the document).
- Document Analysis and Historical Connections (2 pages) – The remainder of the paper must follow the thesis made in the introduction and analyze the document in relation to the historical context of the time it was written, considering issues such as the purpose and message of the document and what the document tells us about the people, society, and time in which the document was produced. How does the document illuminate our understanding of the past and demonstrate the motivations, beliefs, and practices of people in the past? This section will use and cite specific historical detail from the textbook and from the document itself as evidence to support the thesis. The analysis should not be a simple summary of the document itself; instead, you need to formulate an analysis of the relevance of the document (or the author or subject of the document) to the period of history it reflects.
- Supplemental Bibliography (4-6 sources) – The primary document analysis will be followed by a supplemental bibliography of the 4-6 sources that best reflect the research and writing that historians have done that examine and analyze the topic of your paper.
- Name, upper left hand corner
- Page numbers, upper right hand corner
- Descriptive, thematic title, centered, before introduction
- Body, double-spaced, 12-point font, 1 inch margins, 3 pages
- Please proofread your final paper for grammatical and spelling errors. Avoid the use of the first person (“I”).
- Use quotation marks and brief footnotes (see ) throughout.
- Please Note: Cases of plagiarism will receive a zero on the assignment and no opportunity to rewrite. Use Turn-it-In as a resource to check your citations.
Supplemental Bibliography Format
- Centered heading titled “Supplemental Bibliography” at the top of a new page (of the same document. Do not upload two documents.).
- Alphabetical order by author’s last name.
- Single space entries, with a space between each entry.
- Use Chicago (CMOS) bibliographic citation format. See the Purdue Owl Guide for details.
Chicago Manual of Style Footnotes: A Brief Guide
YOUR PAPERS IN THIS CLASS MUST USE CMOS BRIEF FOOTNOTES.
What is a footnote?
A footnote is an internal citation in your essay that denotes where you got the information that you are using to write your essay. A good, honest writer always cites their information.
How do you insert a footnote in your essay?
Click on “insert” and choose “footnote” in Microsoft Word or Google Docs when your cursor is at the end of the sentence you would like to cite (after the period and quotation marks).
A small number is placed at the end of the sentence. It will automatically count up each time you insert a footnote.
At the same time, a small number will appear at the bottom of the page. That’s where you write the citation information.
For this class, we will be using the “brief” style of footnote.
A footnote contains the following information: author’s last name, book (in italics) or article title (“in quotation marks”), page number. Note: if it is an online source that does not have a page number, author’s name and title of work will be sufficient.
See below for more specifics. Footnotes are customarily in 10 pt. font.
“Brief” Formatting Style
Citing Direct Quotes from Documents, Your Textbook, or Articles
Any direct quotes (the exact words of the author) must be enclosed in quotation marks and followed by a footnote.
Example from Primary Source
Aristides praised the Roman emperor’s style of rule when he said, “you govern throughout the whole inhabited world as if in a single city.”
Example from Secondary Source
EX: Hellenistic culture flourished through the spread of Greek, which “became the language of power and elite culture.”
Citing Paraphrased Information
A sentence or series of sentences that contain specific, but paraphrased (in your own words) information from one source must be followed by a footnote.
EX: Cities established by Alexander were centers of Greek culture. They had markets, theaters, and political assemblies, which were filled with Greek settlers who became the elites of each city.
Citing Books and Journal Articles
If you use any of the sources in your supplemental bibliography in the paper itself, they must be cited using footnotes.
Books: You need to include the name of the author, the full title of the book, and the page
number or numbers where you found the information. Titles of books are always written in italics.
Footnote: João José Reis, Slave Rebellion in Brazil: The Muslim Uprising of 1835 in Bahia, 57.
Articles: You need to include the name of the author, the full title of the article (in quotation marks), the title of the journal (in italics), and the page number or numbers where you found the information.
Footnote: Robert Nelson Anderson, “The Quilombo of Palmares: A New Overview of a Maroon
State in Seventeenth-Century Brazil,” Journal of Latin American Studies, 546.
Citing Online Sources
If you use any information from online sources (perhaps websites/articles that I posted in your discussions or online articles you consulted to try to understand your topic better), you must also cite those.
Example w/ Author: A shortage of grain in France in the 1780s led to skyrocketing prices on bread forcing workers to spend almost 90% of their daily wages on bread alone.
Example w/out Author: Although the liberal philosophies that inspired the French Revolution advocated for the equality of all men, women were not often included in the list of those who deserved equal rights based on the perceived “fact that women were not considered a persecuted group like Calvinists, Jews, or slaves.”
Note on Dates: Online articles usually have publication dates, so use that instead of an access date. Resources from online university sites, museum sites, and encyclopedias often do not have publication dates, so use an access date.
PURDUE OWL GUIDE:
USE BELOW SOURCES:
Allen, Douglas. “Mahatma Gandhi on Violence and Peace Education.” Philosophy East and West, vol. 57, no. 3, July 2007, pp. 290–310., doi:10.1353/pew.2007.0029.
Ishii, Kazuya. “The Socioeconomic Thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi: As an Origin of Alternative Development.” Review of Social Economy, vol. 59, no. 3, Sept. 2001, pp. 297–312., doi:10.1080/00346760110053914.
Jha, Manoranjan. 1978. “Civil Disobedience, American Opinion and the British.” Journal of Indian History 56 (3): 553–84. http://search.ebscohost.com.ezp3.sxu.edu/login.asp…
Kupfer, Joseph. “Gandhi and the Virtue of Care.” Hypatia, vol. 22, no. 3, 2007, pp. 1–21., doi:10.1111/j.1527-2001.2007.tb01088.x.
Livingston, Alexander. “Fidelity to Truth: Gandhi and the Genealogy of Civil Disobedience.” Political Theory, vol. 46, no. 4, 2017, pp. 511–536., doi:10.1177/0090591717727275.
McLain, Karline. “Gandhi’s Ashrams: Residential Experiments for Universal Well-Being in South Africa and India.” Utopian Studies, vol. 30, no. 3, 2019, pp. 462–485., doi:10.5325/utopianstudies.30.3.0462.
Norvell, Lyn. “Gandhi and the Indian Women’s Movement.” British Library Journal, vol. 23, no. 1, Spring 1997, pp. 12–27. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=lxh&AN=18221099&site=ehost-live.
Steger, Manfred B. “Mahatma Gandhi on Indian Self-Rule: A Nonviolent Nationalism?” Strategies: Journal of Theory, Culture & Politics, vol. 13, no. 2, Nov. 2000, pp. 247–263., doi:10.1080/104021300750022634.