Part 1: Proprietorship Business Transactions
Although many small businesses might operate on a cash basis, most of the larger ones use the accrual basis to record business events in the general journal. In this assessment, apply your knowledge of various business events that require journal entries to be made.
For this part of the assessment, use the Assessment 4, Part 1 Template to create journal entries for each of the following business events for Magnolia Greens Frisbee Golf Course:
- May 1: Invested $20,000 cash in the golf course business.
- May 3: Purchased Hampstead Golf Land for $15,000 cash. The price includes land $12,000, shed $2,000, and equipment $1,000.
- May 5: Paid advertising expenses of $700.
- May 6: Paid cash $600 for a 1-year insurance policy.
- May 10: Purchased golf discs and other equipment for $1,050 from Discs Are Us, payable in 30 days.
- May 18: Received $1,100 in cash for golf fees earned (service revenue).
- May 19: Sold 150 coupon books for $10 each. Each book contains four coupons that enable the holder to play one round of golf.
- May 25: Withdrew $800 cash for personal use.
- May 30: Pay salaries for part-time employees $250.
- May 30: Paid Discs Are Us the full amount due.
- May 31: Received $2,100 cash for fees earned.
Accounts to be used are given below:
- Prepaid insurance.
- Accounts payable.
- Unearned service revenue.
- Owner’s capital.
- Owner’s drawings.
- Service revenue.
- Advertising expense.
- Salaries and wages expense.
Part 2: Accounting Knowledge Transfer
This part of the assessment allows you to demonstrate and reinforce your knowledge of business accounting terminology by transferring what is in your head onto paper.
For this assessment, use the Assessment 4, Part 2 Template to record your answers to the following short-answer questions designed to test your recall of accounting fundamentals.
- Define the internal and external users of accounting data. What data would each group most likely want to review? Provide examples of each user type.
- Describe the role ethics plays in the operation of an accounting system. Include a couple of examples.
- Select three among the several accounting conventions prescribed by law, regulators, and accounting organizations. For each selection, describe its purpose and provide an example of how it would be applied to an accounting system.
- Describe each of the three main financial statements—the end products of the work that takes place in an accounting system over a period of time—studied in the course. What does each statement present? Why is it important to prepare these? Who uses the information in the statements? Describe the interrelationship among the three statements.
- Discuss the rules of debit and credit as apply to each of the account types that would appear on a company’s balance sheet and income statement. Identify the normal balance for each account type and provide an example event for each. Analyzing business events requires the accountant to make several judgments about the facts contained in the event.
Part 3: Corporate Business Transactions
There are three business ownership types: (1) proprietorship, (2) partnership, and (3) corporation. Many of their accounting transactions are similar. However, there are some business events that require special transaction handling in accounting entries.
For this part of the assessment, use the Assessment 4, Part 3 Template to identify and prepare entries for the corporate ownership business type.
Imagine you are an accountant for J. Malone’s Law Firm, Inc. The accounts and transactions of the firm are listed below. Analyze each transaction. Identify the account or accounts to be debited and credited and, using the provided template, prepare a journal entry for each in the proper format.
Here is an example to record the owner’s investment to start the business:
- Cash: $54,000.
- Common stock: $54,000.
Use the following account titles for this scenario:
- Accounts receivable.
- Prepaid rent.
- Office equipment.
- Accounts payable.
- Interest payable.
- Note payable.
- Common stock.
- Automobile expense.
- Rent expense.
- Utilities expense.
- Salaries expense.
- Interest expense.
- Telephone expense.
- Service revenue.
- Invested $54,000 in cash to start the business.
- Paid $3,000 for 3 month’s rent.
- Bought a used automobile for the firm for $16,000 in cash.
- Performed services for $3,000 in cash.
- Paid $400 for automobile repairs.
- Performed legal services for $3,750 on credit.
- Borrowed $25,000 from the local bank to help expand his business.
- Purchased office chairs for $2,100 on credit.
- Received $1,800 from credit clients.
- Paid $1,000 on account to reduce the amount owed for the office chairs (purchased in item 8).
- Issued a check for $560 to pay the monthly utility bill.
- Purchased office equipment for $8,400. Paid half in cash; the remainder to be paid in 30 days.
- Issued a check for $5,680 to pay salaries.
- Performed legal services for $1,850 in cash.
- Performed legal services for $2,600 on credit.
- Collected $1,600 on accounts receivable from charge clients.
- One month’s worth of rent (paid in item 2) has expired.
- One month’s interest $145 accrued on the note payable (from item 7).
- Written communication: Written communication is free of errors that detract from the overall message.
- Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point.
Submit the templates you used to complete each part of the assessment.